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Geography of Shimla

The City of Shimla is nestled in Himalaya’s South-western ranges. It lies on a ridge and is spread on its seven spurs. The length of the city is app. 9.2 km from west to east. The city is an 18 sq km mountainous region whose elevation from the sea level is 7866.10 ft or 2397.59 meters. The highest point of Shimla is the top of Jakhoo hill which is 8051 ft or 2454 meters. At this attitude, the climate of the city has been classified as the subtropical highland climate. The nearest water body is the Sutlej River which is 13 miles or 21 km away from the city. The main forests trees which cover the area in and around Shimla are Oak, Rhododendron, Deodar and Pine.

Geography of Shimla

Shimla city is surrounded in the north by Kullu and Mandi, in the east by Kinnaur, South by Uttrakand, and west by Sirmaur.

Topography of Shimla

Shimla is located between various mountain ranges. The Shivalik Mountain ranges are situated to the south. The Pir Panjal and Dhauladhar ranges cut through the region. The Himalayas ranges are located to the north-east direction of the city. The topography of the city is one of most multifaceted and diverse due to the fact that is located near the higher Himalayas and the subtropical regions. Most of the geographical locations of the city include sometimes perpendicular and sometimes steep landscape.  The district has varied topography which includes many types of Himalayan and sub Himalayan landscapes. The water bodies near the Shimla include the river Satlej and the Pabbar and Giri, which are the tributaries of Yamuna.

Map of Shimla

The entire region is graded as the Seismic Zone IV, which is also known as the High Damage Risk Zone.

Flora and Fauna of Shimla

The natural scenery which comprises the flora and the fauna of Shimla has always been the main attraction for the tourist who visits this beautiful city. The climate is very cold and adds the luster to the vegetation. Simla is surrounded by the dense forests of the oaks, Deodar, Pine and the rhododendron. Its forests are very dense and spread all over the region. Although, Shimla has been developed as a modern city, still it is beautiful with the Oak, Devodar and the Pine forests. The fragrance of the woods and flowers makes the air enchanting and soothing. You can enjoy the scenery and air when you are on your morning or evening walk. You can also see the roses and apple trees in the abundance.

Flora in Shimla

For enjoying the wildlife of the Shimla, you should visit the national parks which are located in and around the Shimla. In the national parks, you can check some special species, which are found in this area. They are Barking deer, Gorals, Musk Deer, Cheer Pheasants etc.

Water Bodies in Shimla

There are no water bodies in Shimla. The nearest water body is Satlaj River which 13 miles away from the city. The Shimla district have two more rivers, Pabbar and Giri, which are the tributaries of Yamuna River.

Water Body in Shimla

Climate of Shimla

As Shimla is located in Himalayan ranges, the climate of the city generally is cold. The summer season in Shimla is from April to June, when the temperature is ranges from the maximum of the 28°C to 15°C at the minimum. If you are visiting the city in these months, you should take the light cotton or woolen clothes with you as the summers are mild and pleasant.

The winter season in Shimla lasts from November to February. The temperature rises to the 8°C to the maximum and falls to minimum 0°C or minus degrees. The winter season is extremely cold due to the chilly winds from the Himalayas. You can even experience the snowfall in this season during Christmas. If you are visiting city during this season, you should take heavy woolen clothes with you. The city receives the annual average rainfall of about 166 cm.

Related Facts

31° 6° 12°  North Latitude
77° 10° 20°  East Longitude
31° 6' 12 Degrees North  77° 10' 20 Degrees East

25 km2 or10 sq mi

Height Above Sea Level:

2,205 m or 7,234 ft


Cold climate from 28 degrees to minus degrees

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